Jargon Buster – Finance in Plain English
o Adverse Credit : used to describe a person who has a history of defaulting on credit repayments, has county court judgments or has been declared bankrupt.
o APR (Annual Percent Rate) : the total amount of interest and other fees charged on a loan.
o Arrears : when a borrower has fallen behind on loan or mortgage repayments.
o Bad Credit : Common practices that can damage a credit rating including making late payments, skipping payments, exceeding card limits or declaring bankruptcy.
o Broker : an individual who sources financial products best suited to an individual's needs
o Cashback : an incentive wherebe the borrower receives a back sum of money when taking out a loan
o CCJ (County Court Judgment) : a court order against a borrower demanding they pay back money owed
o Credit Agreement : a signed agreement between the lender and borrower, outlining terms and conditions relating to the loan
o Credit Reference Agency : a company the provider lenders with individual's credit details and history
o Credit Score : an applicant's credit status based on searches carried out by credit reference agencies
o Fixed Interest Rate : an interest rate the remains the same through the loan term
o Over-Reparations : when payments are higher or more frequent than stamped in the credit agreement
o Payment Protection : an insurance plan that will take care of loan repayments on your behalf in the event of illness or redundancy
o Secured Loan : where a borrower's property is used as security to guarantee repayment of the loan
o Self-Certification : where the loans company allows the applicant to state his income without providing evidence
o Term : the period of time between the beginning loan date on the legal documents and the date the balance balance of the loan is due
o Under-Repayments : when payments are lower or less frequent than stipulated in the credit agreement, often approved by lenders if the borrower is struggling to make repayments but is committed to making some contribution until the situation improves
o Underwriting : the assessment made by a lender to decide whether to approve a loan application
o Unsecured Loan : a loan that does not require the borrower to use his home as security
o Variable Rate Interested : an interest rate that will fluctuate through the loan term, either up or down depending on market forces.